On the tracks of a railway depot in northern France, a steam locomotive puffs out smoke as if it just took a drag. An engineer and two apprentices stand inside its teal-colored cab wearing dark clothing and gloves. It’s hard to make out their faces under the glare of the midmorning sun. They’ve been warming up the engine for 3 hours and are able to roll out.
One of the apprentices leans against the open window along with his arms crossed, contemplating his work. What excites him most is “to feel the machine live,” he says gesturing across the cab because it shakes, jolts and howls, as if to say, “See?”
This is the Chemin de Fer de la Baie de Somme. This Nineteenth-century railway connects the towns of Cayeux-sur-Mer, St.-Valery-sur-Somme, Noyelles-sur-Mer and Le Crotoy on the Picardy Coast of France, where the narrow Canal de la Somme expands into the vast estuary that joins the English Channel.
There is the whole lot and nothing to see in these towns. Bike paths carve through fields of yellow flowers. France’s largest seal colony bobs around within the water, disappearing and re-emerging to the delight of boat tour operators. At dusk, starling murmurations ebb and flow through the sky. Landscapes really bring the drama.
In Cayeux-sur-Mer, a beachy town along the channel, an countless array of cabanas stretches across the boardwalk, and bronzed old ladies sit outside on plastic chairs, greeting anyone who walks through their territory. (If it’s an overcast day, they migrate into the seaside casino’s restaurant.) Three-hundred-foot chalk cliffs render beachgoers minuscule within the scenery’s display.
There are not any big “sites.” The boundless estuary, medieval partitions and coastlines just exist within the landscape.
I stumbled upon the chemin de fer last yr. My neighbor and I had been commiserating over our hangovers in Paris and began daydreaming concerning the sea. “If we discover a ticket for under 20 euros, we’re going,” we said. A search led us to Noyelles-sur-Mer, a town too small to have a bakery or a tobacco shop, effectively a mark of urban legitimacy in France.
When we arrived in Noyelles-sur-Mer, the whistle of the steam train got our attention. Since our first ride, it’s been hard to remain away for too long.
A railroad running on steam and volunteers
Between carriages, wind whips through an open-air corridor connection and metal clashes on the track. The clicks and clacks, roars and double-thuds come together like a song because the train curves, evenly brushing against tree leaves. The horn whistles. The wood creaks. A butterfly flutters between cars like a tease, lingering just long enough to flash the cobalt on its wings before narrowly escaping the automotive. The rickety vibrations leave me feeling barely dizzy, mellowed out and high in a way that some people might pay for.
Alain Paillard is the vice chairman of the nonprofit Chemin de Fer de la Baie de Somme, the association that runs the railway with just a few paid employees. We meet on the depot in St.-Valery. When he smiles it’s not possible to not smile back.
He tells me that he had an uncle, a steam train engineer whom he would visit on vacations. “When you’re this tall” — he holds his hand about three feet off the bottom — “and also you stand in front of an unlimited machine like that, it’s impressive, it marks you.”
During the First World War, the British Army used this railway to move troops and equipment, especially throughout the Battle of the Somme. But the railway’s infrastructure was seriously damaged — most of the locomotives, cars and tracks were destroyed. The network was rebuilt from 1919 through the early Twenties, which is why so most of the railway’s cars date back to then. (The yr a automotive was made is marked by a plaque on its side).
Since 1973, the railway has been fully within the hands of the nonprofit association. Volunteers are critical to the restoration effort — every Thursday, electricians, painters and train aficionados meet to rebuild, paint, polish and maintain the network.
In the workshop, monstrous engines line the middle of the room like an industrial fashion catwalk. Every jiffy, someone pops a head out from the machinery, joking with Mr. Paillard about sooty clothes or beer bellies. It’s loud. Katy Perry’s “Hot N Cold” plays on the radio against the backdrop of power tools, screeching and clanking.
Every piece of each train has a story. Mr. Paillard knows all of them. We approach steam locomotive No. 2.
“Here, it says F.C.P.R., which is Spanish,” he said, pointing to the plaque on its side, eyebrows raising, eyes widening, shaking his head as if he can’t consider what he’s about to recount (the initials stand for Ferrocarril de Circunvalación de Puerto Rico). “I’m going to inform you this extraordinary story.”
The French-built engine was commissioned in 1889 to assist transport materials for the French effort to construct the Panama Canal, led by Ferdinand de Lesseps, who’d directed the Suez Canal project 30 years before. The effort eventually failed, and the steam engine was sold to the Puerto Rican railroad, where it hauled the its first passenger train in 1891.
That railroad eventually modernized its infrastructure, so the locomotive was taken to the Henry Ford Museum of American Innovation, where it stayed from 1929 to 1977. When the museum reviewed its collection and decided to let the engine go, it was purchased by a bank in Traverse City, Mich., that was situated in a former train station. It ended up back in France within the Nineteen Nineties, and is now in service on the St.-Valery-Le Crotoy line.
The trains — which run every hour or two depending on the day and route, and canopy about 17 miles of tracks — are critical to getting around the world and not using a automotive (from 13 euros, about $13.75, for a single-ride adult ticket). Buses are scarce and slow, while taxis are hard to seek out and expensive.
A crossing at low tide
There is one other option to cross between Le Crotoy and St.-Valery, the towns that mirror one another across the two-mile Baie de Somme estuary — by foot, at low tide.
From Le Crotoy, where Jules Verne drew inspiration for the novel “Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea,” St.-Valery looks almost like a mirage. At 5 p.m. on the banks, a guide leading the crossing squints to rigorously scan the stretched-out expanse of nothingness that lies ahead, neck barely craned forward, walking stick in hand.
“I strongly recommend that you simply take the whole lot out of your pockets,” he yells, herding the group right down to the mud flats to wade through a brief stretch of knee-deep water. “You can cross barefoot when you want.”
As we move into the marshes, engulfed by sky and silence, the silhouettes of enormous geese emerge. The lady next to me gasps. “Take a video! Take a video!” she says to the girl together with her, who mumbles that she should do it herself.
A jovial middle-aged man walks directly as much as the geese. One is lying stiffly on its side. He bends over, picks it up and places it back upright. The geese are plastic, placed there to draw migratory birds for hunting. Hundreds of species go through the region, often stopping within the Marquenterre ornithological park nearby.
We move quickly. If the group is simply too slow crossing the muddy crevasses between the marshes, some involving near-vertical slick climbs, the tide will rise, there can be an hourslong detour and worse — everyone could kiss apéro hour goodbye, our guide threatens.
Over the brisk three-hour walk, dozens of arms wave for balance within the air, seemingly touching the sky.
Eating along the bay
The next afternoon, back in St.-Valery — where William the Conqueror assembled his fleet in 1066, Joan of Arc was held prisoner and Edgar Degas painted — I set off for a walk.
In the middle of town against the backdrop of the estuary, food shops sell gift-wrapped bottles of vinegars and specialty mayonnaise. The mini-golf course looks like the location of a utopian experiment. Mealtimes are rigid, and just about all restaurants shut down by 10 p.m.
Push outward a bit bit and things get cooler.
Cobblestone streets give option to vibrant houses draped in flowers, winding uphill through medieval partitions against countless, saturated panoramic views of the bay. Down certainly one of the steep leafy pathways that jut off the Rue Jean de Bailleul, La Buvette de la Plage serves fresh whelks, shrimp and oysters, along with regional classics just like the ficelle picarde, a thick crepe full of cheese and various savory fillings, right on the bay (from 9 euros). Lounge chairs on the silty shore overlook the water.
Across the locks on the canal, on the southern end of St.-Valery, La Canoterie offers shellfish, casual plates and drinks, with picnic tables and a few chairs overlooking the water (from 7.50 euros). It wouldn’t look misplaced in upstate New York. But it’s greater than only a restaurant — they rent bikes and run canoe, kayak and walking tours (10 to 30 euros).
On the best way back to Paris — in what is frequently an under-two-hour journey on the TER regional train — my train got stuck for an “indefinite period of time” in a small town, prompting a symphony of collective groans and bad words.
Hours after we had been scheduled to reach in Paris, the doors beeped to signal closing, the engine began vibrating, and we slowly moved forward. Passengers clapped and cheered, smiling at each other and cracking jokes. Feeling the machine live is, indeed, awesome.